The image above shows two different options for boy and girl toddler police officer costumes sold by Party City, a Halloween costume and party supply store. In September 2015, Lin Kramer was frustrated while shopping for a costume for her 3-year-old and posted an open letter on Party City’s Facebook page asking the company to change their gender-segregated costume options in limited and stereotypical gender roles. The letter was picked up and spread online and in the news, and has sparked debates about gender, age, representation, and costumes.
This print advertisement is for the “First Fragrance for Men from Tom Ford”, launched initially in 2006. In the advertisement, a bottle of the fragrance is strategically positioned between the legs of a female lower body. The woman's body looks to be glistening with sweat under a set of bright lights.
"He loved the American dream...with a vengeance." Tony Montana is the hero at the center of Scarface, a 1983 feature film with a lasting cult following. The first and second acts of the film follow Montana's rise from refugee to drug kingpin while the third act concludes with a violent and precipitous fall. Images, clips, and quotes from the movie appear frequently in pop culture as posters, t-shirts, and in pop lyrics (for example, "The World Is Yours" by Nas). Montana is played by Al Pacino, an actor who would have been well-known to audiences in 1983 for his portrayal of Michael Coreleone in The Godfather a decade earlier. Pacino's very public Italian-American identity (along with his inconsistent on-screen Cuban accent) contribute to a confusing representation of Cuban politics and refugee life in Miami.
This clip comes from a documentary, produced by the Media Education Foundation, called Tough Guise: Violence, Media & the Crisis in Masculinity. In this segment, educator and scholar Jackson Katz outlines what it means to be a “real man” in contemporary American society. He argues that a focus on being a “tough guy” leads to high rates of violence among men and boys, as well as unproductive relationships and unfulfilled personal lives.
This 2014 licensed t-shirt from DC Comics features the words “Training to be Batman’s Wife” along with the Batman symbol in bold pink lettering on a grey fitted shirt. It was available for purchase in stores and online retailers such as in Walmart’s Junior’s department and through Amazon.com.