Every Single Word is a series of videos and blog run by writer and performer Dylan Marron. Every Single Word edits down popular films to only feature the words spoken by people of color. The series illustrates the lack of racial and ethnic minority representation in mainstream film by showing the mere minutes or even seconds characters of color are given in lengthy blockbusters and movie franchises. For example, in the entire Harry Potter series of 8 full-length films, 6 minutes of dialogue is given to characters of color, or 0.47% of screen time. The example linked above is from the 1993 film Mrs. Doubtfire. Marron features blockbuster hits, top-grossing films, and critically acclaimed masterpieces. Many videos in the series end after the title of the movie is displayed because there is no speaking time at all for characters of color.
Produced by cosmetics company Hindustan Unilever, “Fair and Lovely” is a skin-lightening cream that dominates the Indian market. This ad is part of a campaign that portrays women with dark complexions who suddenly find romance and glamorous careers after using the “Fair and Lovely” whitening cream. Due to controversy, Hindustan Unilever had to pull these ads from Indian media in 2007.
This clip comes from the 1993 film Falling Down, starring Michael Douglass as William Foster, an unemployed engineer who “snaps” and goes on a rampage across Los Angeles. In this scene, the Korean store owner, Mr. Lee, falls victim to the angry aggression of Foster. Lee is insulted for his accent, among other things, and cowers in fear as Foster destroys his merchandise.
This May 2014 ad promoted a new ABC Television Network's comedy series called “Fresh off the Boat." Inspired by food personality Eddie Huang, this was the first sitcom in 20 years to center on an Asian American family. Struggling to fit in to their new hometown of Orlando, Florida, eleven-year-old Eddie Huang and his family must adapt to the untried circumstances that come along with living out “The American Dream.” Battling to fit in at school, Eddie changes up his wardrobe and what he packs in his lunches, while his mother must learn to adjust to the suburban culture of supermarkets and dog walking, and Eddie's father tries to figure out the key to success in his new Cattleman's Ranch Seakhouse restaurant.
In this interview with Judy Chicago, the artist discusses a book she wrote with art historian Frances Borzello about the paintings of Frida Kahlo. Chicago describes the project as an effort to assert Kahlo's place in an otherwise "male centered" art history. She describes a systematic erasure of female painters from the "mainstream narrative" art history such that only 3-5% of the works in permanent museum collections were executed by female artists and only 2.5% of solo publications concern female artists. While reviewing the existing literature on Kahlo, Chicago was aggravated to find that many authors interpreted Kahlo's paintings as reactions to events in her relationship with her husband Diego Rivera. To counter this view of female artists as always "re-active," Chicago and Borzello set out to consider the full body of Kahlo's work outside of conventional art historical concerns. By addressing Kahlo as an artist with agency and self-direction, Chicago reveals aspects of art and art-making that are generally kept invisible.